Identity types


A Key Management Service (KMS) key is a cryptographic key used for encryption, decryption, and access management of data, usually for data stored and processed inside the cloud platform. KMS keys help protect sensitive data and ensure its confidentiality and integrity by encrypting it with strong cryptographic algorithms.

For example, in cloud computing platforms such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) or Microsoft Azure, KMS keys are used to encrypt data stored in databases, storage services, or messaging queues. These keys are managed centrally within the KMS system and are used to protect data at rest and in transit.

KMS keys are typically protected using encryption and access controls to prevent unauthorized access or tampering. Access to keys is restricted to authorized users or applications, and all key-related operations are logged and audited to monitor for security incidents or policy violations.

Key rotation and key versioning are common practices in KMS key management, ensuring that encryption keys are regularly updated and that older versions are securely decommissioned. This helps mitigate the risk of key compromise or cryptographic attacks and ensures the security of encrypted data.

By using KMS keys, organizations can enforce encryption best practices, protect sensitive data from unauthorized access or disclosure, and maintain compliance with regulatory requirements. KMS key management solutions provide centralized control, visibility, and auditability of cryptographic assets, enhancing security and trust in data protection mechanisms.