IAM Concepts


Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) is a security mechanism that requires users to provide two or more forms of verification before gaining access to a system or application. MFA adds an extra layer of security beyond traditional username and password authentication, making it more difficult for unauthorized individuals to access sensitive information or resources.

For example, a typical MFA implementation might require users to enter their password (something they know) and then provide a one-time code generated by a mobile app or sent to their registered email or phone (something they have). Other factors used in MFA may include biometric data (such as fingerprint or facial recognition) or hardware tokens.

MFA enhances security by reducing the likelihood of unauthorized access, even if passwords are compromised through factors such as phishing or data breaches. Even if an attacker obtains a user's password, they would still need access to the additional factor to successfully authenticate.

MFA is widely used in various industries and applications, including online banking, email services, cloud computing platforms, and corporate networks. Regulatory standards such as PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard) and GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) often mandate the use of MFA to strengthen authentication and protect sensitive data.

By implementing MFA, organizations can significantly improve their security posture, reduce the risk of unauthorized access, and enhance protection for their users' accounts and data.