IAM Concepts


A vault is a secure repository used to store sensitive information, such as passwords, cryptographic keys, certificates, and other credentials. Vaults help protect data from unauthorized access and ensure its confidentiality. Vaults can be software applications or cloud-based services, depending on the organization's security requirements and infrastructure.

For example, organizations may use cloud-based key management services to store encryption keys securely. These vaults provide tamper-resistant storage and cryptographic operations, protecting sensitive data from unauthorized access or tampering.

Vaults typically enforce access controls and encryption mechanisms to safeguard stored data. Access to the vault is restricted to authorized users or applications, and data is encrypted both at rest and in transit to prevent unauthorized disclosure. Vault administrators can define policies for creating, accessing, and managing data within the vault, ensuring compliance with security standards and regulations.

Vaults play a critical role in protecting sensitive information and mitigating security risks associated with data breaches or unauthorized access. By centralizing the storage and management of credentials and keys, organizations can enhance security, streamline access management, and maintain control over their cryptographic assets.