IAM Concepts

Conditional Access

Conditional access is a security feature that controls access to resources based on specific conditions or criteria, such as user identity, device type, location, or risk level. By defining access policies that take these factors into account, organizations can enforce granular access controls and adapt their security posture dynamically to changing threat landscapes or compliance requirements.

For example, a conditional access policy might allow access to sensitive data only from company-managed devices, while restricting access from personal or untrusted devices. Alternatively, access may be granted based on the user's location, allowing access only from authorized geographic regions or corporate networks.

Conditional access policies are typically enforced by an identity and access management (IAM) system or security solution that integrates with authentication mechanisms and evaluates access requests against predefined criteria. When access requests meet the conditions specified in the policy, access is granted; otherwise, access is denied or additional authentication steps may be required.

By implementing conditional access, organizations can improve security by minimizing the risk of unauthorized access or data breaches, while also enabling flexibility and productivity for authorized users. Conditional access helps organizations strike a balance between security and usability by tailoring access controls to specific contexts and risk scenarios.